Development and Practical Application of Contactless Smart Card
IC ticketing and fare collection systems using non-contact IC cards differ from conventional magnetic ticket systems in that commuter pass and stored fare (SF) functions are integrated onto an IC card, so fare processing that takes into account the commuter pass section is done simply by touching the antenna portion of an automatic fare collection gate even outside the commuter pass section. Therefore, ticket vending machines, fare collection gates and other technology that allow ticket processing to be performed in an extremely short time compared to magnetic ticket processing, technology and medium that allow repeated reuse of IC cards, and other technology were developed and introduced. Eliminating the need for individual ticket purchases and fare adjustments increased convenience for railway users, reduced fare collection gate lifecycle costs, and reduced the number of ticket vending and fare adjustment machines that needed to be installed. In addition, allowing repeated use of the medium also contributes to the recycling of resources.
2. Technical Contents
Fig. 1 shows the overall
configuration of the IC card ticketing system (in the case of JR East).
This system is comprised of machines that perform ticketing duties (ticket
vending, etc.) and fare collection duties, and backroom processing systems
that manage station revenue and perform remote monitoring. All the
ticketing and fare collection machines had to be equipped with IC ticket
functions. The technical features of this system are described below using
the example of JR East's Suica IC card ticketing system.
JR East introduced a large-scale IC card ticketing system from November
18, 2001, and the number of users reached approximately 3.95 million
people in just over a half year as of May 21. So far operation is
proceeding smoothly with no major trouble. Users have expressed favorable
opinions, the contribution of the system to Japanese society has been
recognized, and there are high expectations for expanded use in the
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