In academic papers, the use of scientific terminology tends to be more precise and straightforward than the use of general English, with no contextual variation. Still, technical errors can creep into writing, and peer reviewers （査読者）may be less tolerant of basic errors in terminology than of minor language errors. Some common types of errors in the usage of technical terms in the physical sciences are described below.
1. Confusion around similar terms
Not unlike words in general English usage, scientific terms that sound similar or have similar meanings are often used interchangeably by authors. Here are a few examples of commonly confused terms in physical science and engineering papers.
Example 1: Synthesize vs. fabricate
The word fabricate, rather than synthesize should be used when referring to the development of devices and thin films.
Avoidable: We propose a continuous extrusion process to synthesize wedge-shaped light guide plates.
Preferable: We propose a continuous extrusion process to fabricate wedge-shaped light guide plates.